Where is SQL Server spending most of it’s time waiting (Wait stats)

Below SQL code helps in identifying the bottlenecks in a SQL Server system based on wait types.

WITH [Waits] AS
(SELECT
[wait_type],
[wait_time_ms] / 1000.0 AS [WaitS],
([wait_time_ms] – [signal_wait_time_ms]) / 1000.0 AS [ResourceS],
[signal_wait_time_ms] / 1000.0 AS [SignalS],
[waiting_tasks_count] AS [WaitCount],
100.0 * [wait_time_ms] / SUM ([wait_time_ms]) OVER() AS [Percentage],
ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY [wait_time_ms] DESC) AS [RowNum]
FROM sys.dm_os_wait_stats
WHERE [wait_type] NOT IN (
N’CLR_SEMAPHORE’, N’LAZYWRITER_SLEEP’,
N’RESOURCE_QUEUE’, N’SQLTRACE_BUFFER_FLUSH’,
N’SLEEP_TASK’, N’SLEEP_SYSTEMTASK’,
N’WAITFOR’, N’HADR_FILESTREAM_IOMGR_IOCOMPLETION’,
N’CHECKPOINT_QUEUE’, N’REQUEST_FOR_DEADLOCK_SEARCH’,
N’XE_TIMER_EVENT’, N’XE_DISPATCHER_JOIN’,
N’LOGMGR_QUEUE’, N’FT_IFTS_SCHEDULER_IDLE_WAIT’,
N’BROKER_TASK_STOP’, N’CLR_MANUAL_EVENT’,
N’CLR_AUTO_EVENT’, N’DISPATCHER_QUEUE_SEMAPHORE’,
N’TRACEWRITE’, N’XE_DISPATCHER_WAIT’,
N’BROKER_TO_FLUSH’, N’BROKER_EVENTHANDLER’,
N’FT_IFTSHC_MUTEX’, N’SQLTRACE_INCREMENTAL_FLUSH_SLEEP’,
N’DIRTY_PAGE_POLL’, N’SP_SERVER_DIAGNOSTICS_SLEEP’)
)
SELECT
[W1].[wait_type] AS [WaitType],
CAST ([W1].[WaitS] AS DECIMAL(14, 2)) AS [Wait_S],
CAST ([W1].[ResourceS] AS DECIMAL(14, 2)) AS [Resource_S],
CAST ([W1].[SignalS] AS DECIMAL(14, 2)) AS [Signal_S],
[W1].[WaitCount] AS [WaitCount],
CAST ([W1].[Percentage] AS DECIMAL(4, 2)) AS [Percentage],
CAST (([W1].[WaitS] / [W1].[WaitCount]) AS DECIMAL (14, 4)) AS [AvgWait_S],
CAST (([W1].[ResourceS] / [W1].[WaitCount]) AS DECIMAL (14, 4)) AS [AvgRes_S],
CAST (([W1].[SignalS] / [W1].[WaitCount]) AS DECIMAL (14, 4)) AS [AvgSig_S]
FROM [Waits] AS [W1]
INNER JOIN [Waits] AS [W2]
ON [W2].[RowNum] <= [W1].[RowNum]
GROUP BY [W1].[RowNum], [W1].[wait_type], [W1].[WaitS],
[W1].[ResourceS], [W1].[SignalS], [W1].[WaitCount], [W1].[Percentage]
HAVING SUM ([W2].[Percentage]) – [W1].[Percentage] < 95; — percentage threshold
GO

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